DebbieLynne's Bible Study Notes
According to Vincent and Jamieson Fausset and Brown, "casting" is in the aorist tense, signifying a "once and for all" act. The Believer's Bible Commentary adds that Peter is quoting the Greek translation of Psa_55:22.
The "cares" we are to cast onto Jesus are defined by WordStudy as:
mérimna; gen. merímnēs, fem. noun from merís (G3310), a part. Anxiety, care that brings disruption to the personality and the mind (Mat_13:22; Mar_4:19; Luk_8:14; Luk_21:34; 2Co_11:28; 1Pe_5:7).
The NAS dictionary defines the word anxiety.
Peter contrasts our cares (or anxieties) with God's care for us. Vines explains that word:
2. melei (G3199), the third person sing. of melo, used impersonally, signifies that "something is an object of care," especially the care of forethought and interest, rather than anxiety, Mat_22:16; Mar_4:38; Mar_12:14; Luk_10:40; Joh_10:13; Joh_12:6; Act_18:17; 1Co_9:9 (RV, "Is it for the oxen that God careth?" The KJV seriously misses the point. God does "care" for oxen, but there was a divinely designed significance in the OT passage, relating to the service of preachers of the gospel); 1Co_7:21; 1Pe_5:7.
Our worrying wastes time, and forgets God's loving concern for us. This verse reminds me of Php_4:6-7. We can pray about our cares, and rest in the peace of knowing He's concerned for our ultimate welfare.
Barnes brings up Mat_6:25-30 as a corresponding passage, and I want to quote it here:
Mat 6:25-30 "Therefore I say to you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink; nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life more than food and the body more than clothing? (26) Look at the birds of the air, for they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they? (27) Which of you by worrying can add one cubit to his stature? (28) "So why do you worry about clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they neither toil nor spin; (29) and yet I say to you that even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. (30) Now if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today is, and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will He not much more clothe you, O you of little faith?
The passage fleshes out Peter's point beautifully, illustrating how God's loving care for us eliminates the "need" for worry.
So interesting to be studying this verse on this particular weekend, when Congress is facing the debt ceiling crisis. However it plays out, John and I will suffer. God is assuring me through His Word that He will take care of us.